Nasal functions

Apart from its influence on our facial profile, the nose has several physiological functions: it conditions - together with the sinuses - the air we breathe (regulation of humidity and temperature), influences the voice sound as resonance chamber, is involved in the purification of the upper respiratory tract and houses the sense of smell.  

Impairments of the Nasal Functions

Impaired nasal breathing is the most serious functional disorder affecting the nose, since the nasal breathing has then to be replaced by the unhealthy mouth breathing. The most frequent causes of impaired nasal breathing are a crooked nasal septum (septum deviation) and an excessive swelling of the nasal mucous membrane (turbinate hyperplasia). The presence of polyps in the nasal cavity generally indicates a chronic inflammation of the sinuses, which can cause breathing problems and the loss of the sense of smell. In such a case it is highly recommended to arrange a consultation with an ear, nose and throat specialist in Munich.

Diagnosis of Nose Disorders

It is crucial to find the real cause of an impaired nasal breathing. Therefore the ear, nose and throat specialist will take into account all signs and symptoms which may give evidence of the origins of the disorder, such as increased nasal discharge, dryness, bleeding, problems with the sense of smell or facial pain. Furthermore, the patients are asked about the perception of asymmetrical disorders and the recurrence intervals of the breathing difficulties.

An endoscopic examination of the nose can help detect the cause of the disorder. Once the problem has been found, a surgical intervention can be taken into consideration. The endoscopy may also reveal diseases of the sinuses or other findings liable to cause an impaired nasal breathing.

Further useful information about related issues